The most common viol has six strings and is
tuned in the interval of fourths with a third in the middle. It has a long
tail, fretted finger board (like the modern guitar), a flat back, sloping
shoulders, and deep sides with reinforcing crossbars inside.
A carved head often adorns the top of the
instrument. The viol has the shape of a dismembered female body, and when
held between the legs in playing position, as in the case of the bass viol,
a type of play may be imagined that is not strictly musical.
Organetto Pipe and
Tabor Psaltery Rebec Recorder Sacbut Schalmei Serpent Shawm Shofar Viol