Henry IV

Henry, the only son of John of Gaunt (the third son of Edward III) and Blanche of Lancaster, was born in 1367. In 1380 he married Mary Bohun, the daughter of the earl of Hereford.

Henry was a member of the group of leading barons that in 1387 forced Richard II to accept a council of eleven men to oversee royal government.

In 1398 Richard II sent Henry into exile. Henry returned the following year and, after managing to depose Richard, had himself crowned king. Some barons refused to accept Henry as their king and in 1400 made an attempt to overthrow him. The plot failed and its leaders were executed. It is believed that it was at this time that Henry IV arranged for Richard, the deposed king, to be murdered

Edward, 1042-1066 William I, 1066-1087 William II, 1087-1100 Henry I, 1100-1135 Stephen, 1135-1154 Henry II, 1154-1189 Richard I, 1189-1199 John, 1199-1216 Henry III, 1216-1272 Edward I, 1272-1307 Edward II, 1307-1327 Edward III, 1327-1377 Richard II, 1377-1399 Henry IV, 1399-1413 Henry V, 1413-1422 Henry VI, 1422-1461 Edward IV, 1461-1483 Edward V, 1483-1483 Richard III, 1483-1485 Henry VII, 1485-1509 Henry VIII, 1509-1547 Edward VI, 1547-1553 Mary, 1553-1558 Elizabeth I, 1558-1603 James I, 1603-1625 Charles I, 1625-1649 Charles II, 1660-1685 James II, 1685-1688 Mary II, 1688-1694 William III, 1688-1702 Anne, 1702-1714 George I, 1714-1727 George II, 1727-1760 George III, 1760-1820 George IV, 1820-1830 William IV, 1830-1837 Victoria, 1837-1901 Edward VII, 1901-1910 George V, 1910-1936 Edward VIII, 1936 George VI, 1936-1952