Anne, the daughter of James and Anne Hyde, was born at St. James's
Palace, London, in 1665.
Along with her sister Mary, she was brought
up as a Protestant and in 1683 married Prince George of Denmark.
Anne had 17 children but only one, William, survived infancy.
However, William died in 1700.
Just before he died in February 1685, Charles II admitted that he
was a Catholic. He also announced that his brother James was to
succeed him to the throne.
In June 1685, the Duke of Monmouth landed in England with a small
army. As he was a Protestant he expected most of the population to
support his claim to the throne, but people in England were
unwilling to get involved in another Civil War. Monmouth was
therefore easily defeated by the king's army.
After this victory James tried to place Catholic friends in
positions of power. However, the Test Acts made it impossible for
him to do this. When Parliament refused to change these laws, he
ignored it and began appointing Catholics to senior positions in the
army and the government.
William I, 1066-1087
William II, 1087-1100
Henry I, 1100-1135 Stephen, 1135-1154
Henry II, 1154-1189
Richard I, 1189-1199
John, 1199-1216 Henry III, 1216-1272
Edward I, 1272-1307
Edward II, 1307-1327 Edward III, 1327-1377
Richard II, 1377-1399
Henry IV, 1399-1413
Henry V, 1413-1422
Henry VI, 1422-1461
Edward IV, 1461-1483
Edward V, 1483-1483
Richard III, 1483-1485
Henry VII, 1485-1509
Henry VIII, 1509-1547
Edward VI, 1547-1553 Mary, 1553-1558
Elizabeth I, 1558-1603
James I, 1603-1625
Charles I, 1625-1649
Charles II, 1660-1685
James II, 1685-1688
Mary II, 1688-1694
William III, 1688-1702
George I, 1714-1727
George II, 1727-1760 George III, 1760-1820
George IV, 1820-1830
William IV, 1830-1837
Edward VII, 1901-1910
George V, 1910-1936
Edward VIII, 1936
George VI, 1936-1952