Magna Carta

Magna Carta contains few sweeping statements of principle, but is a series of concessions wrung from the unwilling King John by his rebellious barons in 1215.

However, Magna Carta established for the first time a very significant constitutional principle: that the power of the king could be limited by a written grant. The barons took up arms against John and captured London in May 1215.

10 June both parties met and held negotiations at Runnymede. The concessions made by King John were outlined in a document known as the Articles of the Barons, which the King's great seal was attached, and on 19 June the barons renewed allegiance to the King. The royal chancery produced a formal royal grant, based on the agreements reached at Runnymede, which became known as Magna Carta.

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