is a grass with a swollen grain that is similar to wheat that can be
ground to produce a flour suitable for the production of bread.
However unlike wheat, barley has always been particularly important
in the production of beers and ales.
Barley is the second most
widely grown arable crop in the UK with around 1.1 million hectares
under cultivation and today's varieties trace their origins back
over 10,000 years to the first farmers.
Barley has remained a successful cereal crop
because of its short growing time and ability to survive in poor
Although it is grown throughout most of the UK it is
often the dominant arable crop in the north and west of Britain
where growing conditions are most difficult and less favourable for
Rye, Olive Trees,