Horses Were Specially Bred to Meet the Requirements of Warfare and
Chivalry and the Needs of the Mounted Knight.
Prior to the Middle Ages,
horses were mainly utilized in transportation and warfare. Moreover, horses
were both expensive to buy, and, compared to oxen and donkeys who were
foragers, horses were expensive to keep.
The feudal system of the Middle Ages placed the farmer on his land under
control of a lord, in turn the lord, had the means of supplying the farmer
with horses for use in the manor's fields. The Middle Ages saw the horse
used in farming for the first time in history.
It is estimated that around 1400 the number of
vehicles in England remained roughly the same. When Anne of Bohemia married
Richard II in 1382, Anne came to England, she brought a carriage with her
made in Kocs, Hungary. Kocs was renowned for its excellence in carriage
making and it is from this town's name that we derive our word "coach."
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